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Different types of crosses and their meanings

Updated: Mar 29, 2020

Different types of crosses and their meanings



The cross symbol

The cross is a symbol widely recognized around the world, and certainly the most instantly recognizable symbol in Christianity, due to its meaning in the crucifixion of Jesus. It has been used symbolically for almost 2000 years by Christians all over the world and can be used in architecture, jewelry, literature and worship.

There are many different types and different styles of crosses. The words ‘cross’ and ‘crucifix’ are often used nowadays to mean the same thing. However, there is a difference. A crucifix is a cross with Jesus embodied on it, symbolizing the crucifixion, compared to a plain cross by itself. The cross can also have many different connotations, depending on the different branches of Christianity. From Catholics or Protestants, to Orthodox Christians, there are many different styles of crosses used in jewelry, each with its own special meaning.


Jesus on the Cross

The image of Jesus on the cross, or the crucifix, is one of the most famous versions of the cross to be used in art, architecture and jewelry. The crucifix is meant to emphasize Jesus' sacrifice and is prominently used by the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches as a holy icon. It is most often used oncross necklaces.


Celtic Cross

The Celtic cross is a version of the cross that developed in England, Ireland and Scotland during the 5th century. It features a cross with a circle behind a cross to represent a halo ring. It is one of the most popular types of crosses to be used in jewelry and fashion and is seen as a symbol for those with Irish, or Celtic, heritage.

Upside Down Cross

Christian Cross

Wooden Cross

Orthodox Cross

Jerusalem Cross

Coptic cross

Templar Cross

Tau Cross



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